Elena Besozzi (a cura di), Crescere tra appartenenze e diversità, Franco Angeli, Milano, 1999

In the contemporary Western societies, the diversities (in gender, age, ethnicity, language) are a matter of great importance. In a social and cultural reality that becomes more and more fragmented, local identities are growing, but at the other hand new phenomena of social distance and exclusion appear. The experience of diversity is fundamental during the socialisation, because the self comparison to the Other leads to individualisation as well as to identification. The research analyses the process of the identity forming in a sample of 1500 boys and girls teenagers (11-14 years) living in Milano in a multicultural context and what it means for their personality development: the survey has been run in 1998 by submitting a close-response questionnaire. Their identity seems to move backwards and forwards, combining different forms of contrasting elements, as localism and cosmopolitism, even if the interest for the social confrontation is always strong. It seems that the teenagers would face the others to define their own identity.
Key-words:Adolescent, youth culture, integration, multiculturality, identity