Luisa Ribolzi, Il sistema ingessato. Autonomia, scelta e qualità nella scuola italiana, La Scuola, Brescia 2000 (II)

The Italian educational system has been strongly centralised since the unification of Italy: public school programs and curricula were centrally fixed, and no free choice was allowed between state school and schools created by private groups, that were fully paid by the parents, even if authorised by the government . The model of educational uniformity has been removed, at least in theory, in 1997, decentralising decision making and introducing autonomy in state schools, and in 2000, with the set up of the “educational national system” , including schools operated by the State, schools recognised as equivalent (scuole paritarie) and entirely private schools. The book analyses the evolution from a school governed by a bureaucratic structure, where autonomy and parental choice were considered dangerous and standardisation was considered a form of democracy that can not be abandoned, to one which expresses the civil society, and which attains accountability for quality.
Key-words: Parental choice, public/private, autonomy, quality, school system